The diagnostic laboratory is divided into distinct sections that's separate the types of tests performed based on the sample type and the intended result. The major sections of the laboratory and their functions are:
Receive all types of samples ( urine, stool, blood, sputum,…etc)
The clinical chemistry section performs hundreds of quantitative analysis on a variety of body fluids. Common chemistry procedures include testing for glucose, cholesterol, hormones, and electrolytes.
Immunologic/serologic testing evaluates antibodies and/or antigens that may be indicative of many types of infectious diseases. This is important in not only confirming a diagnosis, but also in treating and managing various conditions.
Coagulation procedures are performed to identify possible bleeding or clotting disorders. Coagulation testing is also used to monitor anticoagulant therapy.
The hematology section performs tests that are important in diagnosing many disorders such as anemia and leukemia,
Whole blood and body fluids are analyzed electronically and examined microscopically for abnormal cells and diseases of the blood
The microbiology section identifies microorganisms that may be causing disease (pathogens). The microbiology department also provides information regarding appropriate antibiotics to use as treatment for various pathogens.
The urinalysis section screens urine samples for evidence of kidney disease or bladder infections. The diagnostic laboratory is equipped with devices ,instruments and chemicals (reagents),...etc for performing experimental tests, research activities and investigative procedures